Biodegradability, Bioplastics And Compostability - Do You Know The Difference?

Biodegradability, Bioplastics And Compostability - Do You Know The Difference?

Welcome to our day-by-day blog on eco-friendly pods. You can discover a great deal of interesting info, so we really hope. Other educational materials on compostable coffee pods are for instance from leading media publishers, or Moving Beans. In addition read our lead blog on compostable Nespresso-compatible pods.

We are frequently being asked what bioplastics are, or what is the significance of a product being compostable or naturally degradable? Is there any relationship in between bioplastics and biodegradability? How should we consumers deal with these products?

In this blog, we attempt to break down these concepts through simple descriptions that will hopefully assist you better understand their significance and be more familiar with the options you are taking as a consumer. Let's go step by step:


These are products that are either stemmed from biomass (e.g. plants, such as corn or sugarcane) or are biodegradable; or undoubtedly feature both homes. They differ from traditional plastics in that the latter are made from fossil oil (fuel). The benefits of using sustainable materials to produce bioplastics are: increase in resource performance (e.g. use of biomass for different purposes), decrease of the carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions (those that considerably add to climate modification); and saving fossil resources by gradually substituting them.


Biodegradation is a process - a chemical procedure - during which microorganisms that are readily available in the environment transform materials into natural compounds such as water, co2, and compost (artificial additives are not needed). The procedure of biodegradation depends upon the surrounding ecological conditions (e.g. place or temperature), on the products included and on the process itself. This process can take brief periods of time (weeks and months) or extended periods of time (tens or perhaps centuries).

The home of biodegradation does not depend upon the source product of the item but is rather connected to its chemical structure. It is for that reason crucial to comprehend that 'Bio-based' does not suggest 'biodegradable'. In other words, plastic items made from biomass (a type of bioplastic) are not necessarily naturally degradable. On the other hand, some petrol-based plastics may be biodegradable.

The household of bioplastics can be divided into three main groups:

- bio-based (or partly bio-based) but non-biodegradable plastics (e.g. PE, PP, PET, PTT or TPC-ET);.

- plastics that are both bio-based and eco-friendly (e.g. PLA, PHA or PBS);.

- petrol-based plastics that are naturally degradable (e.g. PBAT).

Video: Sustainable and Nespresso-compatible Pods by Moving Beans.


Composting is likewise a process-- a chemical procedure. In fact, it is the procedure of biodegradation under aerobic conditions (existence of free oxygen) within a time frame of 6-12 weeks. You require certain conditions of temperature level, humidity and aeration, for microorganisms, like fungis or bacteria and their enzymes, to be able to "digest" the chain structure of naturally degradable plastics. The resulting end products are water, carbon dioxide and some biomass. The number and kind of microorganisms is likewise an essential component in this procedure. There are 2 ways to perform this procedure: industrially or home-compost.

Industrially compostable conditions are really particular and they have actually been defined under the European standard EN 13432 for product packaging items and adopted by the British Standard Institution under BS EN 13432 requirement. Only those packaging products that meet the stringent requirements of the EN 13432 standard are given with the certification of OK-Compost Industrial and can be unambiguously considered industrially compostable. In practice, this implies that you can dispose this product in your natural waste bin for it to be sent to the closest industrial composting center.

Home-compostable packaging rather is not covered under one single widely-known requirement but rather within numerous country-based ones. Due to the fact that the conditions in a home-compost are not that manageable as in the case of a commercial compost, this is. Under home-composting condition temperature levels and humidity can vary substantially from location to location, and year on year, not constantly achieving the right decomposition in a sensible timeframe.

Nowadays, nevertheless, society and professionals in the field see the requirement for moving into this direction if we wish to become more sustainable. That is why we may see extremely interesting advancements and innovations in this home-composability area in the following decade.

We at Moving Beans are a company that has provided compostable Nespresso-compatible capsules for numerous years, with much more info at this link. Do read a good article on Nespresso-compatible pods. We were one of the first to deliver truly aluminium-free coffee capsules.


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