Compostability, Bioplastics And Biodegradability - Do You Know The Difference?

Compostability, Bioplastics And Biodegradability - Do You Know The Difference?

Welcome to our daily post on compostable pods. One will discover a great deal of fascinating info, so we hope. Other meaningful materials on natural coffee capsules are e.g. from leading media publishers, or Moving Beans. Or go through our lead article on Nespresso-compatible pods.

We are typically being asked what bioplastics are, or what is the significance of a product being biodegradable or compostable? Exists any relationship between bioplastics and biodegradability? How should we consumers handle these products?

In this blog, we attempt to break down these ideas through simple descriptions that will ideally assist you much better understand their significance and be more knowledgeable about the choices you are taking as a customer. Let's go step by step:


These are products that are either originated from biomass (e.g. plants, such as corn or sugarcane) or are eco-friendly; or undoubtedly function both homes. They vary from standard plastics in that the latter are made from fossil oil (petrol). The advantages of using eco-friendly products to produce bioplastics are: increase in resource efficiency (e.g. use of biomass for various purposes), decrease of the carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions (those that significantly add to environment change); and conserving fossil resources by slowly substituting them.


Biodegradation is a process - a chemical procedure - during which bacteria that are available in the environment transform materials into natural substances such as water, carbon dioxide, and garden compost (artificial additives are not needed). The procedure of biodegradation depends upon the surrounding ecological conditions (e.g. place or temperature level), on the materials involved and on the procedure itself. This process can take short time periods (weeks and months) or extended periods of time (10s or perhaps hundreds of years).

The residential or commercial property of biodegradation does not depend upon the source material of the item however is rather linked to its chemical structure. It is therefore crucial to understand that 'Bio-based' does not suggest 'eco-friendly'. In other words, plastic products made from biomass (a type of bioplastic) are not necessarily eco-friendly. On the other hand, some petrol-based plastics may be naturally degradable.

Video: Sustainable and Nespresso-compatible Pods by Moving Beans.

The household of bioplastics can be divided into three main groups:

- bio-based (or partially bio-based) but non-biodegradable plastics (e.g. PE, PP, PET, PTT or TPC-ET);.

- plastics that are both bio-based and naturally degradable (e.g. PLA, PHA or PBS);.

- petrol-based plastics that are naturally degradable (e.g. PBAT).


Composting is likewise a process-- a chemical process. In fact, it is the procedure of biodegradation under aerobic conditions (existence of complimentary oxygen) within a timespan of 6-12 weeks. You require particular conditions of aeration, temperature and humidity, for microbes, like fungis or bacteria and their enzymes, to be able to "digest" the chain structure of naturally degradable plastics. The resulting end products are water, carbon dioxide and some biomass. The number and type of microorganisms is likewise an essential component in this process. There are two ways to perform this procedure: industrially or home-compost.

Industrially compostable conditions are extremely particular and they have been defined under the European standard EN 13432 for product packaging items and embraced by the British Standard Institution under BS EN 13432 requirement. Only those product packaging items that fulfill the strict requirements of the EN 13432 requirement are granted with the accreditation of OK-Compost Industrial and can be unambiguously considered industrially compostable. In practice, this suggests that you can dispose this product in your organic waste bin for it to be sent out to the closest commercial composting facility.

Home-compostable packaging rather is not covered under one single widely-known requirement but rather within several country-based ones. Since the conditions in a home-compost are not that manageable as in the case of an industrial garden compost, this is. Under home-composting condition temperature levels and humidity can differ substantially from location to place, and year on year, not always accomplishing the best decomposition in a reasonable timeframe.

Nowadays, however, society and specialists in the field see the need for moving into this instructions if we wish to end up being more sustainable. That is why we may see very interesting advancements and developments in this home-composability area in the following years.

We at coffee company Moving Beans are a market challenger that has been providing compostable coffee pods for many years, with much more news under Moving Beans. Do go through a lead blog on Nespresso-compatible pods. We were one of the first to deliver aluminium-free Nespresso coffee pods.


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